Museums of Egypt
Bringing Egypt closer to you.
The Egyptian Museum was first built in Boulak. In 1891 it was moved to Giza Palace of "Ismail Pasha" which housed the antiquities that were later moved to the present building. The Egyptian Museum is situated at Tahrir square in Cairo. It was built during the reign of Khedive Abbass Helmi II in 1897, and opened on November 15, 1902. It has 107 halls. At the ground floor there are the huge statues. The upper floor houses small statues, jewels, Tutankhamon treasures and the mummies.
The Egyptian Museum
The Egyptian Museum hosts the largest collection in the world of art and monuments from the Ancient Egyptian culture. If time permits, its recommended to visit the Egyptian Museum twice. A suggestion many find very well is first to take one visit in the museum. Go around to get an "overview" of all here, and then go out to the cafe garden at Nile Hilton (just a short walk from the museum) for a relaxation or lunch. After this go back again and use time at the parts of the exhibition you would like to use some more time at. The exhibitions are on two floors, and the fact that each floor has around fifty galleries, tell the reason for the advice above. Just the exhibition of all what was found in Tutankhamun's tomb contain so many items and cover such a large area that one can at least use a whole day if wanted on this part alone. Whatever time, a visit to Cairo is not "total" without a visit to the Egyptian Museum.
The Solar Boat Museum
In 1954 a boat was found - as old as the pyramids - south of the ancient enclosure wall of Khufu's pyramid. The boat pit contained the remains of a partly dismantled boat of cedar, and still today this 43 meter(141 feet) long boat is the largest ancient boat found worldwide.
It was an important and fantastic work done in reconstruction of the Sun Boat of Khufu, and the beautiful boat is today housed in a special Solar Boat Museum at the Giza Plateau.
Note that you have first to get inside the pyramid area at Giza to enter the museum, so the best is to do this visit when you visit the pyramid area itself.
The Museum of Memphis
Close to Zosers Pyramid complex lies the remains of the old city of MENUFER (Memphis), founded by Pharaoh Menes who united Egypt some 5000 years ago.
This legendary city who had the god Ptah was capital of Egypt, part of the Old Kingdom and part of the Middle Kingdom.
Today the place is one of the ancient sights in Egypt which has turned into a true outdoor museum. The area has among other important remains, the largest alabast sculpture found (the so called "Alabaster Sphinx"). A museum building is also here which hosts a laying collosasal sculpture of Ramses II. This sculpture which originally stood outside the Ptah temple is estimated to have had a height of 13 meters(42 feet).
The Coptic (Christian) Museum
Among the four largest museums in Egypt showing Egyptian history and arts, is the Coptic Museum. The Louvre in Paris has an important and large collection of Coptic art, but the collection in the Coptic Museum is the largest in the world with its 16,000 pieces - and the most unique. You will find items showing how ancient Egyptian art is reflected in Coptic art, as well as aspects of Hellenistic, Nubian and Islamic civilization. The Museum has an important collection of manuscripts on papyrus and parchment paper - and the oldest complete Coptic Psalter from the 4th century is a truly unique piece. Further, the collection has a large area for textiles, icons, and metalworks in gold, silver, bronze and iron. Not to forget the important section for woodwork art from the 4th to 6th centuries, an amazing Coptic pottery selection, wall paintings and columns. Many "organized" tours have swift visits to Babylon/Old Cairo - it's highly recommended not to do so if you want to be able to have time to see what is here. Rather, take at least a few hours to be able to visit the Churches and the Coptic Museum. Note that just up the road from this area is the first Mosque in Egypt, so you can easily make much out of a visit here.
The Children Museum
The Children Museum in Egypt was inaugurated in 1996 as a part of a large garden in Heliopolis. The museum was established for the Egyptian child, but is very interesting for children of all nations and cultures. It's said the aim of the child museum is to make the child feel his/her importance, covering fields such as science, technology, physics, history, geography, civilization, geology, architecture, engineering and "children art". Entering the museum the child gets a "passport" and passes from ancient forefathers to modern times. The halls of the museum are "the River Nile Hall", "the Hall of Deserts" and "the Red Sea Hall". Behind the museum building there is an activity center and information hall and the great surrounding park.
The Luxor Museum
The Luxor Museum is surprisingly entertaining. Displays of pottery, jewelry, furniture, statues and stelae were created by the Brooklyn Museum of New York. They include a carefully selected assortment of items from the Theban temples and necropolis.
There are a number of exhibits from Tutankhamun, including a cow goddess head from his tomb on the first floor and his funerary boats on the second floor. However, some of the real attractions include a statue of Tuthmosis III (circa 1436 BC) on the first floor, and 283 sandstone blocks arranged as a wall from the ninth pylon of the Karnak Temple.
The Nubia Museum
The Nubia Museum harbors the history of the "Land of Gold" as the word Nubia in the Hieroglyphic, language of ancient Egypt in which pictorial symbols are used to represent meaning and sounds, means the "Land of Gold"...Hence, this land, over time, was abounding in monumental treasures.
The Nubia Museum, in Aswan, as a matter of fact, is deemed to be one of the most important Egyptian museums. A number of factors have combined together, yielding the magnificence of such a museum, as it is the only unique open museum of its kind.
Preparations for this museum lasted for ten years, dedication and hard work to come up with such a lovely museum. Let alone, it stands as a wonderful model of international cultural cooperation representing in United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Museum of Mohamed Khalil
Mohamed Mahmoud Khalil's palace was constructed in Giza around 1920, in French style (Ardico), which was well exhibited in France at that time. The eastern side of the palace, overlooking the Nile, carries some features of the Arnoveau Style that appeared in France in 1875, as evident from the metal and glass skeleton above the entrance of the palace. The surface area of the palace is 1400 square meters(15000 square feet), and the palace has four levels. The palace was inaugurated for the first time as a museum on July 23rd,1962. The museum was moved to the Prince Amr Ibrahim's palace in Zamalek, Cairo, in July 1971. After remodeling, the museum was moved back to Mr. Khalil's palace in September 1995.
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