Temples of Egypt
Bringing Egypt closer to you.
Temples in Egypt were a reflection of the Egyptians mythology of the "Island of Creation". The pillars were often shaped in the designs of palms, papyrus, and lotus which were plants believed to be on the island. All major creation myths put the origins at the "Island of Creation" and the religion emphasis on the idea of trying to return to that time.
The Temple of Karnak is actually three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples. This vast complex was built and enlarged over a thirteen hundred year period. The three main temples of Mut, Monthu and Amun are enclosed by enormous brick walls. The Open Air Museum is located to the north of the first courtyard, across from the Sacred Lake. The main complex, The Temple of Amun, is situated in the center of the entire complex. The Temple of Monthu is to the north of the Temple of Amun, while the Temple of Mut is to the south.
The temple of Luxor is located at 3km south from Karnak and was joined to that by a long stone-paved dromos, a drome and a processional avenue, flanked by sphinxes with rams heads that were replaced with sphinxes with human heads.
The construction was basically commissioned by Amenhotep III who started it in the 14th century B.C. and Ramses II who completed it adding the porticoed courtyard with its axis moved eastwards.
Between Aswan and Luxor is located the major Ptolemaic Temple of Edfu - the best preserved major temple in Egypt. The temple is dedicated to the falcon god Horus and was built over a 180 year period from 237 BC to 57 BC. Inside the temple's pylons is a large courtyard. Just before the entrance to the first of two hypostyle halls is a welcoming statue of Horus. Inside the hypostyle halls are dominated by a forest of towering columns.
Kom Ombo is located on a bend in the river Nile about 50 km north of Aswan. Located on the east bank, Kom Ombo is home to an unusual double temple built during the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. The temple is dedicated to the crocodile god Sobek and the falcon god Haroeris (Horus the Elder). Despite being badly damaged, the temple is a beautiful sight as one approaches from either direction on the river, particularly as sunset nears and the colours change.
Tomb of Ramses III
The Valley of the Kings is famous for its royal tombs. These beautifully painted tombs have been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. For over a thousand years, the kings, queens and nobles of the New Kingdom (1500-1070 B.C.) were buried in this valley, which is the world's most magnificent burial ground.
The tombs were cut into the limestone rock in a remote wadi (a dried-up river valley) on the west side of the Nile, opposite the present day city of Luxor. Their walls were painted and sculpted with magnificent murals depicting scenes of daily life and the land of the gods. The chambers were filled with treasures - everything from furniture to food, statues, boats and jewels, which a person needed to sustain life into eternity.
Only one hall of this temple which is dedicated to the world creator Chnum, is still existing. Each capital of the 6m(19 feet) wide and 11.5m(37 feet) high columns is artistically decorated with flowers, blossoms and animals. When you approach the temple you get the impression that the temple has been build in a large hole in the ground, but quite the opposite is true. Due to the yearly floods and the rebuilding of new houses on top of old ones, the city surrounding the walls of the temple grew to its current height. Only the temple remained on its original level.
Philae Temple was dismantled and reassembled on Agilika Island about 550 meters(1800 feet) from its original home on Philae Island in the wake of the High Dam. The temple, dedicated to the goddess Isis, is in a beautiful setting, which has been landscaped to match its original site. Its various shrines and sanctuaries, which include The Vestibule of Nectanebos I which is used as the entrance to the island, the Temple of the Emperor Hadrian, a Temple of Hathor, Trajan's Kiosk (Pharaohs Bed), a birth house and two pylons celebrate all the deities involved in the Isis and Osiris myth.
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